• Piotr Kiedrowski
  • Tomasz Marciniak
  • Zbigniew Lutowski
  • Adam Marchewka


This work reports the measurement results of long-terms tests obtained in real smart
street lighting LV networks and in lab test bed. The measurements results are presented in the form of PER vs. SNR characteristics for BPSK coded and BPSK coded with peak noise avoidance algorithm. The surprising results obtained from real LV networks prompted the Authors to carry out detailed lab tests. The setup for lab tests is also presented in this work. To carry out lab tests a suitable software was prepared, it allowed to obtain results in 72 times shorter time comparing to real conditions; it is why this work can present characteristics of PER vs. SNR even for the values of PER at the level of 109. The work concludes with disadvantages of using the peak noise avoidance algorithm in PLC communication for smart street lighting.


Agarwal, K., Sylvester, D., Blaauw, D. (2006). Modeling and analysis of crosstalk noise in oupled RLC interconnects. IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and

Systems, 25(5), 892-901

Becer, M., Zolotov, V., Blaauw, D., Panda, R., Hajj, I. (2002, March). Analysis of noise avoidance techniques in DSM interconnects using a complete crosstalk noise model. In Proceedings of the conference on Design, automation and test in Europe (p. 456). IEEE Computer Society

Chen, H. M., Huang, L. D., Liu, I. M., Wong, M. D. (2005). Simultaneous power supply planning and noise avoidance in floorplan design. IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, 24(4), 578-587

Daely, P. T., Reda, H. T., Satrya, G. B., Kim, J. W., Shin, S. Y. (2017). Design of smart LED streetlight system for smart city with web-based management system. IEEE Sensors Journal, 17(18), 6100-6110

Dubey, A., Mallik, R. K. (2015). PLC system performance with AF relaying. IEEE Transactions on Communications, 63(6), 2337-2345

EN50065, C. E. N. E. L. E. C. (2002). 1, Signaling on low voltage electrical installations in the frequency range 3 kHz to 148, 5 kHz. CENELEC, Bruxelles, Belgique

Fiorelli, R., Colombo, M. (2012). ST7580 power line communication system-on-chip design guide. Application note AN4068, STMicroelectronics

Gonz´ lez-Sotres, L., Mateo, C., Frías, P., RodríguezMorcillo, C., Matanza, J. (2018). eplicability analysis of PLC PRIME networks for smart metering applications. IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, 9(2), 827-835

Kiedrowski, P. (2015). Toward more efficient and more secure last mile smart metering and smart lighting communication systems with the use of PLC/RF hybrid technology. International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks, 11(10), 675926

Halak, B. (2014). Partial coding algorithm for area and energy efficient crosstalk avoidance codes implementation.IET Computers & Digital Techniques, 8(2), 97-107

Lacatus, C., Popescu, D. C. (2007). Adaptive interference avoidance for dynamic wireless systems: a game theoretic approach. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Signal Processing, 1(1), 189-202

Liu, Q., Yu, H., Chen, C. W. (2016). Proactive interference avoidance for mobile-to-mobile communication in LTE networks. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 65(9), 7064-7077

Mlynek, P., Koutny, M., Misurec, J., Kolka, Z. (2014, March). Measurements and evaluation of PLC modem with G3 and PRIME standards for Street Lighting Control. In Power Line Communications and its Applications (ISPLC), 2014 18th IEEE International Symposium on (pp. 238-243). IEEE

Shahzad, G., Yang, H., Ahmad, A. W., Lee, C. (2016). Energy-efficient intelligent street lighting system using traffic-adaptive control. IEEE Sensors Journal, 16(13), 5397-5405

Soltanmohammadi, E., Naraghi-Pour, M. (2013). Blind modulation classification over fading channels using expectation-maximization. IEEE Communications Letters, 17(9), 1692-1695

Szalai, A., Szabo, T., Horvath, P., Timar, A., Poppe, A. (2016, September). Smart SSL: Application of IoT/CPS design platforms in LED-based streetlighting luminaires. In Lighting Conference of the Visegrad Countries (Lumen), IEEE (pp. 1-6). IEEE






Most read articles by the same author(s)